18 – 22 August 2015
Typhoon Ineng (international name, Goni) entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on Tuesday, August 18. It initially packed maximum sustained winds of 170 kph and gustiness of up to 205 kph (Matsuzawa, 2015). By August 22, PAGASA had issued public storm warning signal number 3 in the Batanes, Calayan, and Babuyan Islands, while signal no. 2 was issued in Cagayan, Apayao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Kalinga, Mt. Province, Abra, and Ilocos Sur (GMA News, 2015). In terms of its impact, Typhoon Ineng caused more than PhP4.4 billion in damages and affected almost 400,000 individuals along its path. There were 33 casualties and 7 missing persons reported in Mountain Province, Kalinga, Abra, Benguet, La Union, Ilocos Norte, Zambales, and Ilocos Sur (NDRRMC, 2015).
Throughout Ineng, the DOST-Project NOAH continually monitored the situation through the different tools available in the NOAH website. The team closely watched the automated weather sensors and informed NDRRMC officials through its Pre-Disaster Risk Assessment System (PDRA) of any readings indicating heavy rainfall or an alarming rise of river water level. This would direct the council’s attention to contact the ground teams in the relevant areas for any significant actions to be taken. Heavy flooding occurred in Ilocos when there was a 7-meter rise in the level of the Abra River. In the municipality of Santa in Ilocos Sur (population of 15,106), five barangays were isolated due to the swelling of the river on August 22 and 23, according to the NDRRMC (2015). Prior to the floods in the area, local responders had already evacuated citizens to barangay centers, which prevented any casualties, according to Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) Director Allan Tabell (Rappler, 2015).
Some barangays in Laoag City (population of 104,904) experienced severe flooding on Friday, with some areas having water up to the roofs of huts due to heavy rain caused by Typhoon Ineng and a 6.2 meter rise in water level, which caused one fatality (Medina, 2015). In other areas, more than 200 people were evacuated from different flooded barangays in the region. These were Manalpac and Bagbag in Solsona town, Barangay Catagtaguen in Banna, Barangay Cabaruan in Bacarra, Loing in Piddig, Capangdanan in Pinili, Elizabeth and San Esteban in Dingras, San Ramon, and Parparoroc in Vintar. In the municipality of Pagudpud, at least eight houses were destroyed after an alleged tornado hit Barangay Caunayan. The citizens of the area were evacuated in time by the municipal DRRM council and local responders, which led to a zero-casualty result (Guerrero, 2015). More than 89,000 families were evacuated during the typhoon in the two areas mentioned above, with only one casualty reported despite the extreme rise in the level of the Abra River. The timely action of responders and the awareness of the different LGUs led to a successful response towards that particular extreme weather event.
Asia Times. (2015). Flood alert in northern Philippines as Typhoon ‘Ineng’ leaves 14 dead. Asia Times.
GMA News. (2015). Typhoon Ineng weakens, Signal 3 up over north Luzon islands. GMA News Online.
Guerrero, J. (2015). Hundreds evacuated in Ilocos Norte. CNN Philippines.
Matsuzawa, M. (2015). Typhoon Goni enters Philippine territory; takes the name Ineng. CNN Philippines.
Medina, A. (2015). Floodwaters reach roofs of huts in Laoag. GMA News Online.
NDRRMC. (2015). SitRep No. 23 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Typhoon “Ineng” (I.N. GONI).
Rappler. (2015). NDRRMC sends relief to flooded Santa town in Ilocos Sur. Rappler.com.
Recuenco, A. (2015). Ineng’ leaves 14 dead. Manila Bulletin.