September – October 2009
Typhoon Pepeng (international name, Parma), was the second typhoon that affected the Philippines within the span of a week in September 2009. It entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility days after Tropical Storm Ondoy (International Name Ketsana) wreaked havoc on the country. Although Pepeng did not extend its fury to Metro Manila where Ondoy recently did, it still added to the damage caused by the earlier typhoon and lashed out at the northern part of Luzon Island. Pepeng affected thousands of families in the north, especially in Pangasinan province where the San Roque Dam released water to prevent it from being overtopped, causing floodwaters to inundate several areas in the province. In the province of Benguet, with a population of 403,944 (Philippine Statistics Authority, 2012), multiple landslides triggered by the typhoon killed at least 200 across different municipalities in the province, including Baguio City (ABS-CBN, 2009).
However, in the first week of October, Pepeng interacted with the incoming Typhoon Quedan (international name, Melor) on the Pacific as it was heading towards Southern Taiwan. Days later, though significantly weakened, Pepeng recurved to Luzon making further landfall in Ilocos Norte and Cagayan. It again gained its strength as it crossed Luzon Island for the second time. Though it retreated to emerge towards the South China Sea and eventually became a tropical depression, Pepeng still became one of the deadliest typhoons that hit the country in a span of a decade. On October 5, 2009, reports showed 14 confirmed fatalities – 12 in Cordillera Region due to landslide and 2 in Cagayan Valley. Reports also showed that more than 14,000 families in Regions 1, 2, 3, 5, CAR, and NCR were displaced and affected, some were rendered homeless. Initial estimates on damages caused by Pepeng reached up to 800 million. In their final tally, the NDRRMC reported 465 casualties from Typhoon Pepeng due to landslide and flooding hazards and caused more than 27 billion pesos in damages (NDRRMC, 2009).
ABS-CBN. (2009). (UPDATE) 150 people feared dead in Benguet.
Cardinoza, G. (2015). Learning from ‘Pepeng’. Philippine Daily Inquirer.
NDRRMC. (2009). Final Report on Tropical Storm Ondoy (Ketsana) and Pepeng (Parma).
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2012). 2010 Census of Population and Housing.